Organized Session I

November 26(Thursday)13:10-14:10



Construction, development of tools for application, and practicality of marmoset brain atlases available anew


Organizer Tsutomu Hashikawa


Neuroinformatics Japan Center


Session Abstract


In this session T. Hashikawa, A. Woodward and T. Kaneko will present their works concerning with the usefulness of recently developed brain atlases of the common marmoset.

Why is the marmoset now? Along with biological sciences, the marmoset can be a useful animal model in neuroscience research [1]. This is because among the primates, the common marmoset 1) is available at a relatively low price with mature adults being small I size (300g or so) [2]. Thus, it is easier to house and handle these monkeys in a laboratory setting; 2) shows high fertility (giving birth to non-identical twins twice/year) and earlier sexual maturity (~ 15 months) [3, 4]. This means that certain genetic aspects of neural functions can be analyzed [5], which is important given that most genetic studies that have taken place so far have been conducted in mice; 3) has a structurally well-developed brain sharing similar characteristics across various primate species [6]. Common features of brain structures in primate make rather direct comparisons possible among the species, and comparative approach seems especially important in marmoset studies.

Since relatively limited information is available regarding the common marmoset itself, data collected on other primates have been helpful when considering correlations between structure and function in the marmoset brain. Thus combination of knowledge of research on Old World primates and new insight from genetic approaches in marmosets will provide a better, more comprehensive understanding of brain functions.



  1. N. Kishi, K. Sato, E. Sasaki, H. Okano (2014) Common marmoset as a new model animal for neuroscience research and genome editing technology. Dev. Growth Differ. 56: 53-62.
  2. R. A. Power, M. L. Power, D. G. Layne, C. E. Jaquish, O. T. Oftedal, S. D. Tardif (2001) Relations among measures of body composition, age, and sex in the common marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus). Comp. Med. 51: 218-223.
  3. M. F. Stevenson (1976) Birth and perinatal behaviour in family groups of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus jacchus), compared to other primates. J. Human Evol. 5:365-381.
  4. M. T. Mano, B. J. Potter, B. J. Belling, G. B. Chavadej, B. S. Hetzel (1987) Fetal brain development in response to iodine deficiency in a primate model (Callithrix jacchus jacchus). J. Neurol. Sci. 79: 287-300.
  5. T. Sasaki, H. Aoi, T. Oga, I. Fujita, N. Ichinohe, (2015) Postnatal development of dendritic structure of layer III pyramidal neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex of marmoset. Brain Struct. Funct. 220: 3245-3258.
  6. G. Paxinos, C. Watson, M. Petrides, M. Rosa, H. Tokuno (2012) The Marmoset Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates. Academic Press/Elsevier.





Session Program


Construction of the marmoset brain atlas in a stereotaxic coordinates, on the basis of Nissl stained horizontal sections

Tsutomu HASHIKAWA, Neuroinformatics Japan Center, RIKEN Brain Science Institute


3D Image Registration Techniques for Multi-modal 3D Brain Atlas Construction

Alexander WOODWARD, Neuroinformatics Japan Center, RIKEN Brain Science Institute

Structural and functional mapping of the marmoset brain using MRI

Takaaki KANEKO, RIKEN Brain Science Institute




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